The EEOC has filed three lawsuits alleging gender-based pay discrimination in the D.C. metro area. The defendants were George Washington (GW) University, National Association for Education of Young Children (NAEYC), and Vadar Ventures, Inc. who acted on behalf of Total Quality Building Services. The suits were filed after pre-litigation settlements failed in all three cases. The GW and NAEYC cases were filed in the U.S. District Court of Washington. The Total Quality case was filed in the U.S. District Court for the Eastern District of Virginia (Alexandria Division). The EEOC is seeking back pay, compensatory, punitive, and liquidated damages, in addition to injunctive relief to discontinue the discriminatory practices.
The Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) has filed a suit against CSX Transportation stating the company has created discriminatory barriers for women seeking jobs with the company. Since 2008, CSX Transportation has used an isokinetic strength test known as the IPCS Biodex as a requirement for workers to be selected for various positions. This test measures the upper and lower body muscle strength of workers. The EEOC has found that women have passed this test at a lower rate than their male counterparts and alleges a discriminatory impact on females that were seeking positions such as Conductors, Material Handlers/Clerks, as well as various other positions.
On January 31, 2017, the White House shared that President Trump will not override the Executive Order (EO) signed during the Obama administration providing workplace protections for LGBT employees working on federal contracts. EO 13672, signed by President Obama in 2014, extended existing EO 11246 protections for federal contract employees to also prohibit employment discrimination based on sexual orientation and gender identity. When the order was signed by President Obama, it applied to 28 million workers, or about a fifth of America’s workforce. OFCCP subsequently issued regulations to implement EO 13672, which can be found at https://www.dol.gov/ofccp/LGBT.html. In announcing that the new administration would not rescind these protections, the White House stated President Trump “is determined to protect the rights of all Americans, including the LGBTQ community.”
The White House recently rolled out a new online tool (www.worker.gov) that allows employees to file various types of complaints against their employer. This site also was designed to inform individuals of their employment rights. According to the White House, the website was created to assist individuals “who have had wages stolen, have been injured on the job, faced discrimination, or were retaliated against for seeking better wages or work condition,” file complaints against their employers.
On November 4, 2016, the Western District of Pennsylvania issued a landmark ruling that a gay person can bring a sex discrimination claim under Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964 (Title VII) for discrimination due to one’s sexual orientation. The case, EEOC v. Scott Medical Health Center, is one of the first two such lawsuits filed by the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) after it announced in 2015 that it believed Title VII’s prohibition against sex discrimination included claims based on one’s sexual orientation.
Office of Federal Contract Compliance Programs (OFCCP) has had a busy few weeks on the regulatory front, including an announcement of proposed changes to Form CC-4 (the individual complaint form), renewal of a revised Scheduling Letter, issuance of the Final Rule on Sex Discrimination, and publication of the second annual revision to the Protected Veteran (PV) Hiring Benchmark. Here’s everything you need to know about these updates: